Election Commission in the Constitution of India

Important notes for Election commission in Indian Constitution | Easy notes about the Constitution of India

The candidates need to study Election commission topic too under the polity section in order to crack civil services examination or State Govt exams. So the important facts about the Election commission according to exams point of view. These notes will be enough for the candidate to score good marks in the exams in this section.

Election commission (article 324)

  • An independent Election Commission has been established under the Constitution in order to carry out and regulate the holding of elections in India. The Election Commission was established in accordance with the Constitution on 25th January, 1950.
  • The Election Commission prepares, maintains and periodically updates the electoral roll, which shows who is entitled to vote, supervises the nominations of the candidates, register political parties, monitors the election campaign.
  • It also organizes the polling booths, counting of votes, and declaration of results to ensure the orderly and fair manner of elections.
  • At present Election commission consists of Chief Election Commission consists of Chief Election Commissioner and two Election Commissioners.
  • The Constitution provides for an Independent Election Commission to ensure free and fair elections to the Parliament, the state Legislature and the offices of the President and Vice-President.
  • The Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners are appointed by the president for 6 years or till the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.
  • The Chief Election Commissioner can be removed on ground similar to that of a judge of the Supreme Court. The other Election Commissions may be removed by the President on the recommendation of the chief Election Commissioner.
  • The general election is held on the basis of Universal Adult Suffrage.

  • The constitution provides for an independent election commission to ensure free and fair election to the parliament, the state legislature and the offices of President and Vice-President.
  • Consists of Chief Election Commissioner +2 Election Commissioners. They all enjoy equal powers.
  • The Chief Election Commissioner is appointed by the President and the other Election Commissioners are appointed by the President after consultation with the Chief Election Commissioner. Article 324 also provides for the appointment of Regional Commissioners at the time of General Elections after consultation with the Election Commission.
  • Election Commissioners are appointed for a term of 5 years.
  • They are not eligible for re-appointment. Also, they cannot hold any office of profit after their requirement.

  • The term of 5 years can be cut short by resignation or removal by President on recommendation of the Parliament (same as that of Judge of the Supreme Court).
  • Preparation of electoral rolls & keeping voters lists updated.
  • Preparation of code of conduct for all political parties.
  • Recognition of various political parties & allotment of election symbols.
  • Appointment of election officers to look into disputes concerning election arrangements.
  • To examine the returns of election expenses field by the candidate.

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