UPSC | Union Public Service Commission in Indian Constitution

Important notes for UPSC in Indian Constitution | Easy notes about the Constitution of India

The candidates need to study UPSC topic too under the polity section in order to crack civil services examination or State Govt exams. So the important facts about the Union Public Service Commission according to exams point of view. These notes will be enough for the candidate to score good marks in the exams in this section.

With the promulgation of the new Constitution for Independent India on 26th January, 1950, the Federal Public Service Commission was accorded constitutional status as an autonomous entity and given the title Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

The structure of UPSC

  • The Chairman and the other members of the UPSC are appointed by the President and they hold office for a term of 6 years from the date of appointment or until they attain the age of 65 years. They are independent of the Executive and legislature in the same manner as the judges of the Supreme Court.
  • Age of retirement for a member of Public Service Commission of a state or joint commission is 62 years.


  • UPSC members can resign by addressing their letter of regignation to the President.
  • President can remove them by issuing orders under the circumstances provided in the constitution.
  • Composition is determined by the President.
  • The members of the UPSC are appointed for a term of 6 years, or till they attain 65 years of age.
  • Can resign earlier to the President.
  • President can remove them by issuing orders. Only the Supreme Court makes such a recommendation on the basis of an inquiry.
  • Members of the UPSC are not eligible for employment by the govt. after retirement.
  • Conduct exams for appointment to services under the Union.
  • Advise the President (not obligatory on him) in the matters relating to appointments, promotions& transfers from one service to another of civil servants.
  • All disciplinary matters affecting a person in the service of union.
  • Matters regarding award of pension & awards in respect to inquiries sustained during service under govt.
  • Maintains continuity of administration.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *